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Mian Muhammad Nawaz Sharif

Mian Muhammad Nawaz Sharif
 
 
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Profile
Mian Muhammad Nawaz Sharif , born 25 December 1949) is a Pakistani politician and businessman who served as the 13th Prime Minister of Pakistan from 1990 to 1993, from 1997 to 1999 and again from 2013 to 2017. He had previously served as the Chief Minister of Punjab from 1985 to 1990. Born into the upper-middle class Sharif family in Lahore, he is the son of Ittefaq and Sharif Group founder Muhammad Sharif, and the elder-brother of three-time elected Punjab Chief Minister, Shehbaz. He is one of Pakistan's wealthiest men with a net worth of $1.4 billion.Sharif studied business at Government College and later law at the University of Punjab before entering politics in the later 1970s. In 1981, Sharif was appointed by Zia-ul-Haq's regime as the Minister of Finance for the province of Punjab. Backed by a loose coalition of conservatives, he was elected as the Chief Minister of Punjab in 1985 and re-elected after the end of martial law in 1988. In 1990, Sharif led a conservative alliance to victory, leading him to become the Prime Minister. Later it was alleged that the election was rigged in favour of Sharif by the Pakistani intelligence agency, the ISI, channeling millions of rupees into his election campaign. Sharif's first administration came to an end when then President Ghulam dismissed Sharif on corruption charges. Sharif successfully challenged the dismissal in the Supreme Court,but both men were ultimately persuaded to step down in 1993 by army chief Waheed. Sharif's second term also saw tussles with the judiciary and the military. Sharif also forcibly relieved General Karamat from command and replaced him with Musharraf in 1998. However, the Kargil War led to a deterioration of his relations with Musharraf. When he attempted to relieve Musharraf from his command on 12 October 1999, the military instead ousted Sharif's government and exiled him to Saudi Arabia. In 2013 elections, Sharif's Muslim League formed a coalition government. As a result, Sharif was elected Prime Minister by Parliament. On security front, in 2015 the military launched an offensive to remove extremist groups in northwestern Pakistan and another paramilitary offensive in 2017.Sharif's third term is also underpinned by social centrism rather than the social conservatism, which guided his prior two terms. Sharif's third term has brought macroeconomic stability with the help of substantial loans from the IMF, and multi-billion dollar investment deals with China.However, he has faced criticism over rising sovereign debt, which has risen by 35%. Sharif's family has come under trial over Panama Papers. On 28 July 2017, Sharif was disqualified for public office by the Supreme Court of Pakistan for a period of 10 years. Sharif submitted his resignation after the ruling.

Early life and education
Nawaz Sharif was born in the upper-middle class Sharif family in Lahore, Punjab on 25 December 1949. The Sharif family are Punjabis of Kashmiri origin. His father, Muhammad Sharif, was an upper middle-class businessman and industrialist who had migrated from Amritsar district to Pakistan during the 1947 Indian partition. His father followed the teachings of the Ahl al-Hadith. His family owns Ittefaq Group, a multimillion dollar steel conglomerate and Sharif Group, a conglomerate company with holdings in agriculture, transport and sugar mills. He is married to Kalsoom Nawaz Sharif. His brother Shahbaz Sharif is the incumbent Chief Minister of Punjab province while his nephew Hamza Shahbaz Sharif is a member of the National Assembly. His daughter Maryam Nawaz is also in politics and a leader of his party. The personal residence of the Sharif family, Raiwind Palace, is located in Jati Umra, Raiwind on the outskirts of Lahore.

He went to Saint Anthony High School. He graduated from the Government College University, Lahore with an art and business degree and then received a law degree from the Punjab University Law College.

Political life
Nawaz Sharif, who remained a member of the Punjab Provincial Council for sometime, joined the Punjab cabinet as finance minister in 1981. He raised the allocation of funds for the development of rural areas to 70 per cent of the Annual Development Programme of the province. He also held the portfolio of sports and was able to reorganise the sports activities in the province.

In the party-less general elections of 1985, Nawaz Sharif won with an overwhelming majority both in the national and provincial assembly election. On April 9, 1985, he was sworn-in as Punjab chief minister.

On May 31, 1988, he was appointed caretaker chief minister after dismissal of assemblies by General Ziaul Haq. He was again elected as chief minister after the 1988 general elections and massive uplift of Murree and Kahuta was undertaken during his term as the Punjab chief minister.

On November 6, 1990, Nawaz Sharif was sworn-in as prime minister of Pakistan after the Islami Jamhoori Ittehad (Islamic Democratic Alliance) or IJI won the October 1990 elections. However, he could not complete his five-year term and was dismissed by President Ghulam Ishaq Khan in April 1993. He was reinstated by the Supreme Court but had to resign along with the president on July 18, 1993.

His party was defeated by the Pakistan People�s Party in the general elections of 1993. However, Sharif was appointed as leader of the opposition in the National Assembly till its dissolution in November 1996.

During his tenure as the prime minister, efforts were made to strengthen the industries with the help of private sector and projects like Ghazi Brotha and Gwadar Miniport were initiated. Land was distributed among landless peasants in Sindh. Relations with the Central Asian Republics were strengthened and the Economic Cooperation Organisation was given a boost. In an attempt to end the Afghan crisis, the Islamabad Accord was reached between various Afghan factions. His most important contribution was the economic progress despite the US sanctions on Pakistan through the Pressler Amendment.

Pakistan Muslim League again won the elections held in February 1997 and Nawaz Sharif was again elected as prime minister with an overwhelming majority on February 17, 1997. He remained in power till being overthrown by General Pervez Musharraf on October 12, 1999.

Taking advantage of his absolute majority in the National Assembly, he added a landmark in the constitutional history of Pakistan by repealing the controversial Eighth Amendment. The Thirteenth Constitutional Amendment stripped the president of his powers, under Article 52(b) of the Eighth Amendment, to dismiss the prime minister and dissolve the National Assembly.

Nawaz Sharif added another feather to his cap when the Parliament adopted the anti-defection law as Fourteenth Amendment Bill. His development venture of the Lahore-Islamabad Motorway was appreciated by a segment of the society while others criticised it for being an extravagance for a developing country.


Relationship with Chief Justice and President
During his second tenure, his working relationship with the apex court severed and his differences with Chief Justice Sajjad Ali Shah became public. He also developed an uneasy relationship with President Farooq Leghari, who had earlier been his major political opponent. With the adoption of the Thirteenth Amendment, the president was on a direct collision course with the prime minister. A few months later, this and the dramatic confrontation with the judiciary culminated in the removal of Chief Justice Sajjad Ali Shah and on December 2, 1997, the resignation of President Farooq Leghari.

Nuclear Blasts

In 1998, the world powers exerted pressure on him for not testing nuclear devises but he rejected the pressure and conducted the nuclear tests on May 28, 1998, making Pakistan first nuclear power among the Islamic countries. It was in direct response to five nuclear tests by India just two weeks earlier.

Relations between Pakistan and India
However, later Sharif attempted to normalise relations between India and Pakistan. He took an initiative in February 1999 and Indian Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee visited Lahore via bus through Wagah border in 1999 and the two leaders signed historical Lahore Declaration.

Kargil Conflict
In May 1999, relations between Pakistan and India once again became bitter because of Kargil War. The latest conflict between the two nuclear powers posed a threat to the South Asia region. However, after the intervention of international community, particularly US President Bill Clinton, talks resumed between India and Pakistan.

Military coup
On October 12, 1999, the government headed by Nawaz Sharif was overthrown in a military coup. Controversy over the Kargil operation, corruption charges and the so-called plane hijacking conspiracy case are considered to be the main reasons for his ouster.

After an extensive trial, Nawaz Sharif was charged and found guilty in the �plane hijacking conspiracy� case. On request of the Saudi Royal family, the Pakistan government exiled him to Saudi Arabia along with the whole Sharif family on December 20, 2000.

Return to Pakistan in 2007 after forced Exile
He moved to the UK in 2006 from where he attempted to come back to Pakistan on September 10, 2007 but was again deported to Saudi Arabia the same day. Finally, he landed in Lahore on November 25, 2007 along with the whole family. Several cases of corruption against him are still pending decision in local courts.

Assassination of Benazir Bhutto
On 27 December, in a CNN interview just hours after the assassination of former Pakistan Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto, Sharif said:�It is not a sad day, it is a dark, darkest, gloomiest day in the history of this country.
Sharif called Bhutto his sister and vowed to avenge her death


2008 Elections
On Monday, 18 February the PML (N) dominated the Punjab assembly and won 68 seats out of 272 from the National Assembly finishing second, directly behind the PPP (Bhutto/Zardari's party) at 88. However, after adding the reserved seats for women and minorities, total number rose to 91. The results became clear on 19 February. His massive victory in Punjab was met by a festive mood. Later that day in a press conference he said that he would welcome the political leaders back to the parent party who had left his party and joined the PML (Q). Former Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif and Asif Ali Zardari, the husband of slain former Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto told 21 February 2008 their parties will work together in the national parliament after scoring big wins in the 2008 election.
On Tuesday, 26 February 2008, Nawaz announced that he and his brother Shabaz Sharif would run in by-elections upcoming in the country within the next few weeks, to become Members of Parliament, since they have no restrictions against them. the PML (N) left it to the PPP to chose a Prime Minister, since they agreed on forming a coalition government.

Cricketer
Nawaz Sharif was a cricketer and played a first class game in the 1973-74 season representing Pakistan Railways.

Family

Muhammad Nawaz Sharif is married with four children, two sons and two daughters. His elder son Hussain Nawaz is also married and settled in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and looking after the family business, whereas younger son Hassan Nawaz is settled in London and running his family business from there. His both daughters are married. Mariam Nawaz is married to Capt. (R) Safdar and younger is married with the son of Senator Ishaq Dar.

Third term as Prime Minister (2013 � 2017)

On the 11th May 2013, the Pakistan Muslim League (N) won 126 seats in the national assembly. This was met with surprise by many political experts. He claimed a clinching victory, mainly in the Punjab. Sharif, in his victory speech on the night of the election said: "Through this vote and campaign I have felt how much love Pakistan has for me. And I have twice as much love for you. Thank God that he has given us the chance to help you, to help Pakistan, to help the young people. We will fulfill all the promises that we have made. Pray that we can make a government on our own, without compromises or have to lean on anyone else. Because if we have to ask for seats, we cannot make a strong government. We forgive anyone who has abused us along the way and we have not cursed anyone. We want to get Pakistan out of trouble. We have a program to change the state of Pakistan. We must make a decision to change this country. To all other parties, I say come and sit at the table."

Even before the result was announced, the PTI conceded victory. PTI leader Imran Khan congratulated Sharif on his victory in the elections.

After most of the results were counted, the ECP announced that the PML-N had 124 seats in Parliament. Because the Pakistan Muslim League (N) were 13 seats short of a 137-majority, Sharif had to form a coalition. Therefore, he began to hold talks with Independent candidates who were elected to Parliament. Sharif said he wanted to avoid having to form a coalition so as to have the strong government Pakistan needs at the present time, but because he was 13 seats short, he had to form a coalition.

On 19th May 2013, it was reported that Nawaz Sharif had secured a majority in Pakistan's national assembly after 18 independent candidates joined the party, allowing it to form government in the National Assembly without striking an alliance with any other party. The minimum needed was 13 independent candidates, but Sharif had managed to make an alliance with 5 more candidates, giving the PML-N a coalition government of 142 seats. After the coalition was announced, Nawaz Sharif stated that he wanted to take his oath as Prime Minister on the 28th of May, which is the 15th anniversary of when he had ordered Pakistan's first nuclear tests in 1998 as the Prime Minister.

Criticism

After his return to power, a protest movement led by Imran Khan, Tahir-ul-Qadri and supported by rival factions of the Muslim League such as Pakistan Muslim League-Q (PLM-Q) and Awami Muslim League (AML) along with independents meant that pressure mounted on the Sharif government. Khan demanded the prime minister's resignation for the government's inadequate response in addressing and resolving allegations that the 2013 general election was rigged.Sharif claimed to have support from the majority of the parties in the Parliament. Khan claimed that the 2013 general elections were rigged, the PML-N claimed that these were the most free and fair elections in the country's history. Sharif has also been criticised by his opponents for running a system of patronage in which key relatives are appointed to key state positions such as his brother as Chief Minister, and for appointing relatives as Ministers in the federal government. On 30 September 2014, Opposition leader Syed Khurshid Ahmed Shah, said that the Prime Minister may voluntarily recall mid-term elections. On 24 April 2015, human rights activist Sabeen Mahmud was shot dead in Karachi minutes after she attended a talk she had organised on Human rights violations in Balochistan. Civil society activists and investigators alleged that she was killed for her activism and for being outspoken on various contentious topics, from extremism to state-sponsored abuses. The talk that Mahmud organised that night was initially supposed to be hosted at the Lahore University of Management Sciences however the university cancelled it a day before it was scheduled, saying it was pressured by government authorities to do so. Sharif officially condemned the killing however Dawn claimed that there is a little chance her murderers will ever be brought to justice given the recent history of impunity among those who target the country's marginalised liberals. On 20 April 2015, The Express Tribune claimed that Sharif administration misled the International Monetary Fund (IMF) over the actual tax charged on the issuance of bonus shares, as collection from supposedly the biggest source of income tax in the year stands at a mere Rs. 1 billion. As against the actual income tax rate of 5% on the value of bonus shares, the government has told the IMF that it levied a 10% tax, which will generate revenue equal to 0.1% of gross domestic product or Rs. 29 billion. On 27 March 2016, around 2,000 far-right protesters led by Sunni Tehreek staged a sit-in at D-Chowk in front of the parliament in Islamabad, causing a partial halt to the capital city. The protestors demanded the implementation of Sharia in the country and declaring Mumtaz Qadri a martyr. The protestors also burned down cars and city main public transit station and injured journalists and bystanders.The government on the 28th called in the army to control the law and order. By 29th the crowd had shrunk to 700 protestors, however the government remained reluctant to use force against the protesters. On 30 March 2016, the protesters ended their protest after government assured not to amend in blasphemy laws.On 7 April 2016, The Express Tribune in an editorial claimed that Sharif's multibillion-rupee health insurance plan seems to be failing already because of poor planning, claiming that the basic health infrastructure doesn't allow for such a plan. On 29 October 2016, Imran Khan began mobilising worker's to lockdown Islamabad until Sharif resign's and face's a corruption inquiry. In response, Sharif government placed a citywide ban on gatherings and the arrested hundreds of opposition activists accused of defying the ban. The government also arrested scores of Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf worker's and shut the motorway leading from Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. On 1 November, Khan called off protest's after the Supreme Court said it would form a judicial commission to probe allegations stemming from the "Panama Papers" leaks about the Sharif family's offshore wealth. In the first week of January, four Pakistani activists known on social media for their secular leftist views went missing this week. The Economist, writing in January 2017, criticised Sharif's spending on infrastructure, it added that "Pakistan's infrastructure is underused because the economic boom it was meant to trigger has never arrived." Talking about the China�Pakistan Economic Corridor, the magazine wrote that "critics fear the country will struggle to pay back the debt, especially if foreign-exchange earnings from exports continue to dwindle" further adding that "It may not concern Mr. Sharif unduly if the next generation of roads is as deserted as the last."

Wealth and conglomerates
The growth of Pakistan's industry occurred under President Ayub Khan during the 1960s was destroyed by the nationalisation program instituted by prime minister Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, to halt capital flight from the country to Eastern Europe.This program included nationalisation of Ittefaq Group and many other large enterprises. Although the steel mill was returned to the Sharif family in 1980, havoc had already wrought. In 2005, the Daily Pakistan reported that the Sharif family are the fourth wealthiest family in Pakistan, with an estimated net worth of US$1.4 billion.The Sharif family plays a large role in the industrial growth of Pakistan and is expanding its steel business by employing state-of-the-art technology in Pakistan, Saudi Arabia and the Middle East. In 2011, Sharif's assets were worth Rs 166 million, which increased to Rs 1.82 billion by 2013.In 2012 his net income was Rs. 12.4 million ($1.24 million) He was one of five billionaires elected to Pakistan's National Assembly in 2013.In 2015, his declared assets slightly decreased to Rs. 1.75 billion ($17.5 Million).


2016 Panama Papers leak
According to the Panama Papers, documents leaked in 2016 from law firm Mossack Fonseca that disclose client information, Nawaz Sharif's family holds millions of dollars worth of property and companies in the UK, and around the world. The Mossack Fonseca documents do not name either Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif or his younger brother, Punjabi Chief Minister Shebaz Sharif. They do however link in-laws of Shebaz Sharif and children of Nawaz Sharif to offshore companies. The documents reveal that Nawaz Sharif's children Hassan, Husein and Maryam have multiple properties in the United Kingdoms through a set-up of at least four offshore companies in the British Virgin Islands. Mossack Fonseca records tie Nawaz daughter Maryam Nawaz and her brothers Hussein and Hassan to four offshore companies, Nescoll Limited, Nielson Holdings Limited, Coomber Group Inc., and Hangon Property Holdings Limited.[389] The companies acquired at least six upmarket real estate properties in 2006�2007 near London's Hyde Park. The real estate was used as collateral for loans of up to $13.8 million, according to the Panama Papers documents. The prime minister's children say the money came from the sale of a family business in Saudi Arabia.Maryam Nawaz tweeted denial of wrongdoing, adding that she did not own "any company/property abroad," except as a trustee in a brother's corporation, "which only entitles me to distribute assets to my brother Hussain's family/children if needed." The leaked documents name her the sole beneficial owner of Nescoll, created in 1993, and Nielson, first registered in 1994. The two companies subscribed to Mossack Fonseca services in July 2006. The Panama Papers name Maryam as the joint owner with her brother Hussain of Coomber Group. Mossack Fonseca was managing Nescoll, Nielsen Holdings, and Coomber Group when the three companies obtained a �7 million mortgage from the Swiss bank, Deutsche Bank (Suisse) SA and purchased four flats in Avenfield House, at 118 Park Lane in London. Hassan, the other brother, whose name is sometimes spelled "Hasan", bought Hangon Holdings and its stock in 2007 for �5.5 million; Hangon then bought property, financed through the Bank of Scotland, at One Hyde Park in London, which a real estate agency calls "the finest building in England" and an architectural historian "an oversized gated community"; 59 of the 76 apartments that had been sold by January 2013 were owned by offshore shell companies.Hassan also lists the Park Avenue address for an additional six companies registered in the United Kingdom of which he is a director, according to the British business registry Companies House. A seventh, Flagship Development, is listed at Stanhope House in Stanhope Place, near Marble Arch. Samina Durrani, mother of Shebaz Sharif's second wife Aaliya Honey, and Ilyas Mehraj, brother of his first wife Begum Nusrat Shahbaz, also figure in the documents. Habib Waqas Group/Ilyas Mehraj is listed as a shareholder with 127,735 shares in Haylandale Limited, registered 24 July 2003 in the Bahamas. Mehraj denied knowing anything about "any company whether incorporated in the Commonwealth of Bahamas or anywhere else under the name Haylandale Ltd." Rainbow Limited, the newest of the three offshore companies owned by Samina Durrani, was registered 29 September 2010 in the British Virgin Islands (BVI).Armani River Limited, registered in the Bahamas on 16 May 2002, describes its assets as "property in London, which is not currently rented." Assets of Star Precision Limited, registered in BVI 21 May 1997 were reported as "cash as the investment portfolio. We are also holding 1,165,238 shares in Orix Leasing Pakistan Limited." Hussain Nawaz, whose name sometines appears as Husein or Hussein, said his family won't impede any investigation, and urged one of former president Pervez Musharraf as well.The government on 15 April announced an investigation by an inquiry commission of all Pakistanis named in the documents. Opposition politicians said a judge, not a retired judge, should investigate. Various judges have already recused themselves. In addition, on 19 April 2016 Army Chief General Raheel Sharif warned that across-the-board accountability is needed. In July 2017, the Supreme Court of Pakistan ruled the disqualification of Nawaz Sharif, for 10 years from holding public office, and could be facing prison on charges of corruption. Justice Ejaz Afzal Khan, who had headed the apex court's implementation bench following its April 20 order on the Panama Papers case, announced that the larger bench had unanimously deemed PM Sharif unfit for holding office and would also order an accountability court to open references against him and his family, and other respondents.
 
 
 
 
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